Mount Batur is located in the district of Kintamani Bangli. Administratively the mountain is located in the village of Songan and Batur. Geologically, This mountain is located between two large of the caldera which is volcanic crater formed about 22 thousand years ago. It is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and forms part of a long line of similar active volcanoes in Indonesia. The area is rich with the element formation volcanic soil macro and micro formed by volcanic eruptions thousands of years ago.
Mount Batur is a type strato of volcano formed from layers of pyroclastic and lava. Two cataclysmic eruptions in geological history have formed the remarkable caldera wall that part of it is now in the form of volcanic lake. This volcano cone has erupted at least 22 times since the 1800s.
Mount Batur including type of active volcanoes that has repeatedly erupted. The eruption activity of this mountain recorded began in 1804 and the last occurred in 2000. From 1804 to 2005, It has erupted more than 26 times and the most devastating occurred on 2 August and ending in 21 September 1926. The eruption made the flow of hot lava that hoard Batur Village. This village rebuilt on the edge of the south caldera of Kintamani. The remnants is still presence in Pura Jati area. Pura Jati dan Segara Temple are the last relic of the past can still be seen today.
As one of the volcano, Mount Batur offers other things that could be seen from the rock in Batur Caldera. Research conducted by the Geological Agency of Bali provincial and World Geological Agency discovered the unique of rock formations in the vicinity of Mount Batur. These rocks are not only formed from the first eruption, but hundreds of years ago. The rock formations occur due to the Volcanic Eruption of ancient Batur caldera. The uniqueness of rock that is in the caldera batur be the main reason, the world Geopark agency assign the Caldera Batur as part of a global geopark network.
Mount Batur region is famous as a tourist mainstay Bangli regency. According to the story in Lontar Susana Bali, Mount Batur is the peak of Mount Mahameru transferred by Batara Pasupati to be sthana of Betari Danuh (palace of Dewi Danu). At any given time, all Hindus from various regions in Bali came to Batur to present Suwinih to repel pests disaster that befell their fields. Delivering this suminih make the Batur mountain region into a fertile area.
Areas that can be highlighted as a tourist attraction is the crater, the caldera and the lake. There is a flow of groundwater that drains the water of Lake Batur, which came into spring in some places in Bali and is considered the “Holy Tirta”
Cultural attractions found in the area of Mount Batur is Trunyan. Although the whole population in Trunyan is Hindu like most people in Bali, they stated that the Hindu’s Trunyan as the original Hindu of Majapahit empire. In the north of Trunyan village there is a graves. The body was not buried or burned, but put under the tree after the death of an elaborate ceremony. Burial place is filled with the bones, and may we find the bodies were still new.